Neurontin® (gabapentin)

Pronunciation: noor-ON-tin

Generic Name: gabapentin


Neurontin®, or gabapentin, is an antiepileptic drug used to prevent seizures in children.

Laboratory Studies

Your child’s doctor may order blood tests to check on a specific question in your child’s case, but in general, no specific laboratory tests are needed while taking Neurontin®.

Possible Side Effects

Side effects may go away with dosage decrease (as indicated by the doctor). Notify your child’s doctor if they continue to be a problem.

  • Drowsiness occurs when the medicine is started; usually decreases with time
  • Dizziness
  • Problems with balance
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Blurred vision
  • Uncontrollable eye movements

Precautions and Drug Interactions

  •  All drug interactions are not known at present. Let your child’s doctor know any other medicines your child is taking. There seem to be few interactions which occur:
    • Antacids: If Tagamet® is needed, it should be taken several hours after taking Neurontin®.
    • Alcohol: Some cold and allergy medicines contain alcohol and may increase drowsiness and/or cause seizures.
  • Inform physicians, dentists, school nurses and other health professionals that your child is taking Neurontin®, especially if other medication is prescribed.
  • If your daughter is pregnant or planning to become pregnant, notify her Children’s neurology doctor immediately. Consult her doctor before she begins breast-feeding her infant.

How to Administer

  • Available in liquid and 100 mg, 300 mg, and 400 mg capsules.
  • The amount of the medicine to be taken will be ordered by the doctor. Neurontin®is usually taken three times a day. Space the doses throughout the daytime hours; there is no need to awaken your child at night.
  • Neurontin® may be taken with food.
  • The capsule must be swallowed whole. Do not open capsules to sprinkle over food as Neurontin® has a very bitter taste.
  • It may be given at the same time as other anti-epileptic drugs.
  • Even if seizures are controlled, medication should not be stopped or dosage changed.
  • If a single dose is missed, contact the doctor.
  • If a dose is vomited within 20 minutes, immediately give the dose again.
  • After beginning to take Neurontin® or changing the dose, it takes several days to reach a steady blood level. Taking doses regularly keeps the blood level of the medicine steady to help prevent seizures.
  • Notify your child’s doctor that you need a new prescription for your child right after you pick up your last refill from the pharmacy.

Download the Neurontin® Fact Sheet (PDF).

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