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Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), also known as Janz’s syndrome, is a hereditary form of epilepsy that begins at puberty.
The primary type of seizures are myoclonic, especially on awakening. They may occur in clusters, or several times a day for several days in a row. JME is also associated with generalized tonic-clonic and absence seizures. They may be brought on by lack of sleep, early awakening, alcohol and drug use, stress, strong emotion, and menstruation. Seizures can also be brought on by photic stimulation such as flickering lights, TV, video games, or light shining through trees or reflecting off water or snow.
JME is one of the most common types of epilepsy, accounting for 70 percent of all cases. The EEG shows interictal fast (4-6 Hz) spike and wave and polyspike and wave discharges.
JME is usually well controlled with medication. Most patients with JME do not outgrow their seizures and will need to take medication for the rest of their lives. Individuals are encouraged to get enough sleep and avoid alcohol to reduce the likelihood of seizures.
Children's Hospital's main campus is located in the Lawrenceville neighborhood. Our main hospital address is:
UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh
One Children’s Hospital Way
4401 Penn Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15224
In addition to the main hospital, Children's has many convenient locations in other neighborhoods throughout the greater Pittsburgh region.
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Interested in giving to Children's Hospital? Visit Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Foundation's website to make a donation online.