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Children's Hospital is ranked One of America's Best Children's Hospitals.
Hydrocephalus is a relatively common condition that occurs in about one out of 500 births. At the Brain Care Institute of Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, our neurosurgeons have developed expertise in treating this condition by shunt insertion and, when appropriate, using minimally invasive endoscopic procedures.
Hydrocephalus is sometimes known as “water on the brain,” but is more accurately described as a build-up of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that can cause pressure inside the head to increase. CSF normally flows through fluid-filled ventricles by way of openings that connect one ventricle to another. Eventually, the CSF reaches the surface of the brain and spinal cord, where it is absorbed into the bloodstream. In order to maintain normal pressure, the production, flow, and absorption of CSF must be kept in balance. Therefore, hydrocephalus may occur when there is:
Hydrocephalus can be present at birth (congenital), or it can be acquired later in life.
Causes of acquired hydrocephalus may include:
The symptoms of hydrocephalus may resemble other conditions or medical problems, so patients and their families should always consult a physician for a diagnosis. Each child may experience symptoms differently, but the most common symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants include:
In older children, headaches and visual changes may be seen.
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC4401 Penn AvenueSuite Floor 2Pittsburgh PA, 15224412-692-5090
Children's Hospital's main campus is located in the Lawrenceville neighborhood. Our main hospital address is:
Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC
One Children’s Hospital Way
4401 Penn Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15224
In addition to the main hospital, Children's has many convenient locations in other neighborhoods throughout the greater Pittsburgh region.
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