Types of Liver Diseases That Lead to Transplantation

Liver transplants in children are performed to replace diseased livers with healthy ones. Below is a list of liver diseases that may lead to liver transplantation.

Metabolic Diseases

Acute and Chronic Hepatitis

Intrahepatic Cholestasis

Obstructive Biliary Tract Liver Disease

Traumatic and Post-surgical Biliary Tract Diseases

Other Types of Liver Disease

Biliary atresia is the most common liver disease that requires transplantation. The percentage that each liver disease contributes to the total liver transplants performed every year are:

  • Biliary atresia 54%
  • Metabolic disease 14%
  • Acute hepatic necrosis 11%
  • Miscellaneous diseases 7%
  • Autoimmune and other cirrhosis 7%
  • Cholestatic liver disease 4%
  • Malignancy 2%
  • Congenital hepatic fibrosis 1%

Learn more about Liver Transplant Indicators in Children.