Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

What Is Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (Janz's Syndrome)

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), also known as Janz’s syndrome, is a hereditary form of epilepsy that begins at puberty. 

Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Symptoms

The primary type of seizures are myoclonic, especially on awakening. They may occur in clusters, or several times a day for several days in a row. JME is also associated with generalized tonic-clonic and absence seizures. They may be brought on by lack of sleep, early awakening, alcohol and drug use, stress, strong emotion, and menstruation. Seizures can also be brought on by photic stimulation such as flickering lights, TV, video games, or light shining through trees or reflecting off water or snow.

Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Diagnosis

JME is one of the most common types of epilepsy, accounting for 70 percent of all cases. The EEG shows interictal fast (4-6 Hz) spike and wave and polyspike and wave discharges.

Normal EEG Awake compared to Myoclonic Seizures.

Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Treatment

JME is usually well controlled with medication. Most patients with JME do not outgrow their seizures and will need to take medication for the rest of their lives. Individuals are encouraged to get enough sleep and avoid alcohol to reduce the likelihood of seizures.